Brussels II is an EU Regulation which came into force in March 2001 and was subsequently revised and replaced in 2005. Brussels II harmonises all divorce jurisdiction across Europe. Crucially Brussels II introduced a EU wide law that the first spouse to issue a divorce petition in a country secures jurisdiction there for that spouse. This can be greatly to the disadvantage of the other spouse. Where a couple have a connection with two or more EU countries, very urgent advice is needed about where to issue – and quickly.
For more information see the fact sheet on Guidence pages, international finance and forum.